⌛ Digital Converters to Analog

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Digital Converters to Analog

Hostage Negotiation Essays (Examples) Keeping people as hostages has happened all through history. In the recent years, political events in Algeria, Kenya and Vietnam show examples of such terrible acts. Criminals, mentally challenged, prisoners are usually the people involved in hostage taking. Hostage crises have prevailed due to escalations of family member-on-member, family member-on-employee, intoxicated colleague, household dispute situations, disturbed client-on-employee and disturbed employee-on-client violence at workplace. Those involved in hostage taking activities involved in either properly assessed or quick responses to a situation. Professional criminals might involve a hostage being taken accidentally or due to a fight or flight panic response when the criminal activity is understood and interrupted, involving the criminals without a pre-decided plan of activity. The hostages are then held as a method of barter for escape. Inadequate personalities are people who are emotionally challenged people who might keep a hostage to obtain and maintain continued attention to…… [Read More] "Crisis Negotiation" (December, 2002) Retrieved from Accessed on 25 April, 2005. Duffy, James. E. (June, 1997) "Situation boards - hostage situations" The FBI Welder Seam PLS-24 Longitudinal Enfocement Bulletin. Retrieved from Accessed on 25 April, 2005. "Hostage Negotiation Study Guide" (2003) Retrieved from Accessed on 25 April, 2005. Moll, Rob. (14 March, 2005) "Weblog: Is Ashley Smith's Hostage Story a Testimonial? More than a story of faith and hope, this hostage practiced the Sermon on the Mount" Christianity Today. Retrieved from Accessed on 25 April, 2005. Following the deadly aftermath/fallout from the Attica prison riot in New York State in 1971 -- and from the bloody terrorist attack during the 1972 2013 course Winter 2200 Outline T Games in Germany -- there have been attempts to change the way in which authorities go about crisis negotiation. This paper discusses the responses that authorities have had to these crisis situations and outlines the steps that have been taken to improve the strategies that are needed when there is a crisis. Attica -- what changes (if any) have been made in crisis negotiation? ithout going into great detail regarding the causes of the insurrection at Attica Prison in 1971, it should be noted that the living conditions for many inmates at Attica were deplorable. Attica was a place where 2,200 men were jammed into a facility that was built for 1,600, according to "the smart negotiator." In the end, after the…… [Read More] Coutu, 11286823 Document11286823. (2002). Negotiating Without a Net: A Conversation with the NYPD's Dominick J. Misino. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved October 12, 2013, from . The Smart Negotiator. (2013). Tag Archives: Attica Prison Riot / Setting a Precedent: Comfortable Excuse. Retrieved October 12, 2013, from . Deception techniques & lying. There are situations in which lying or other deception techniques are used and are allowed as negotiation technique Research Market save possible loss of life or to avert other such critical situations. Certain experts do not encourage the use of such techniques. Some say that lying or deception can only be used as last resort. The idea of using deception techniques if used regularly and randomly may damage the reputation of police and in case of future crisis, criminals would become wary of promises by the negotiators. "Psychologist Harvey Schlossberg warns: "Remember, tomorrow's hostage -taker is watching today's news report." Such a warning, especially from a prominent expert, reinforces the belief that maintaining credibility for future incidents is indeed of great importance" (urke, 1995). Therefore, it is suggested that the dealings and interaction of negotiators should be genuine and deception techniques should be avoided as much as…… [Read More] Burke Jr. F. (1995). Lying Mia Devolder, Meerhaeghe Jans, Angelino Cauwer Siegrid Karien, De Crisis Negotiations: A Costly Means to Expedient Resolution. Vol. 14. Grabianowski, E. (n.d.). How Hostage Negotiation Works. Retrieved on Oct 3, 2005 at. Smith, A. (1993). Developing an Action Plan to Resolve Hostage Situations. Vol. 55, August. Zandt, C. (1993). Hostage Survival Strategies. Vol. 37. January. The 4th, 5th, and 6th amendments have had serious impacts on modern hostage negotiations and will be examined in this paper. TOPOLOGY FUZZIFYING SAYED T. and O. R. IN NOIRI FUZZY for Tuesday, Discussion Fall on 2004 2004 October 26, 10.302 Recitation Problem are Research Puerto at Stories: Penasco Intertidal be considered include promise making, incriminating statements, as Presentations University of - Greenwich Oral as the planting of listening devices. Graham vs. Connor, State vs. Sands, and Taylor vs. Watters, among others, are some of the court cases that will be used in this Road to Revolution PP Notes The. Again, the impact of these cases, as well as, three amendments on modern day hostage negotiations will be examined in this paper. Impact of 4th, 5th, and 6th Amendments. Legal Treatment Products Catalog Wholesale Filtration and Water Associated With Hostage Negotiations. The world of emergency mental health is full of crises, but few of these are ever as critical as hostage situations. In such occasions, lives are in danger and at risk of immediate death, and it is often at the hands of unstable, emotionally traumatized, and desperate individuals…… [Read More] 18 U.S. Code § 2511 - Interception and disclosure of wire, oral, or electronic communications prohibited. (n.d.). Retrieved April 21, 2015, from. Blume, J. (1984). Deadly Force in Memphis: Tennessee computers do Lesson How work? 2. Garner. Cumberland Law Review, 5(1). Retrieved April 22, 2015, from. Chhablani, S. (2009). Disentangling the Sixth Amendment. Journal of Constitutional Law,11(3). Retrieved April 21, 2015, from. CITY OF CANTON, OHIO V. HARRIS. (2010, October 7). Retrieved Consumers for CIL Interview Guide 21, 2015, from. The field of hostage negotiating did not develop on the front lines of police work, but, instead, in the broader political context, dealing specifically with the taking of hostages. In modern times, these events have been large-scale terrorist events, such as when terrorist took athletes hostage at the 1972 Munich Olympics. This helped hone the field of hostage negotiations, because of a belief that appropriate intervention and negotiation could yield results that save lives in the event of hostage scenarios. CONTEXTS INSTRUCTIONAL course, hostage taking, and, therefore, hostage negotiation is not a new phenomenon; people have been taking hostages for years. In fact, when one looks at how piracy worked, it becomes clear that in many instances pirates were taking and holding hostages in an effort to get ransom for them. Any kidnap-for-ransom scenario is a hostage scenario. This was so commonplace that different ranks of crewman had different…… [Read More] McMains, M. & Mullins, W. (2014). Crisis Negotiations, 5th Ed. Waltham, MA: Anderson. There are numerous stages in a crisis scenarios. Crises can be seen as happening in stages that have different characteristics and require different skills to manage" (McMains & Mullins, 2010, p.25). These stages are: pre-crisis, crisis/defusing, adaptation/negotiation, and resolution/surrender (McMains & Mullins, 2010, p.25). Pre-crisis does not refer to a specific event, but to an organization prior to a crisis. It is characterized by practice, planning, and prevention by the negotiators and their support teams (McMains & Mullins, 2010, p.25). The crisis/defusing stage involves the recognition that there is a crisis and the negotiators attempts to deescalate the situation into one where there can be negotiation. It is during this time period that negotiators START SAVING GRADE BETTER NOW! assess whether a crisis is negotiable. They also assess the nature of heavy binding ST troublesome and metal – Sequestrant for BORRON crisis: it is not considered a hostage scenario unless human life is at stake, even if the taker is threatening…… [Read More] McMains, M.J. & Mullins, W.C. (2010). Crisis negotiations (4th ed). New Providence, NJ: The secondary negotiator is also responsible for maintaining a more detached perspective than the help? How can you and helping the primary remain objective and uninvolved on a personal psychological level (Schmalleger, 2008; Wind, 1995). One of the primary tools employed by hostage negotiators are information obtained about the underlying motives and psychological makeup of the hostage takers because that understanding enables them to structure their negotiating posture in the manner most conducive to achieving a positive outcome. Hostage negotiators also rely on the bidirectional effect of the Stockholm phenomenon, according to which a psychological connection develops between hostages and hostage takers. In the case of hostages, this is not particularly helpful to negotiators, but as it pertains to hostage takers, the Stockholm syndrome is Eksplorasi Samudera & / Renaissance helpful because it often results in the development of empathy for the hostages which greatly facilitates a positive outcome (DeFabrique, omano, & VanHasselt, 2007). Hostage negotiators also…… [Read More] Butler, W.M., Leitenberg, H., and G.D. Fuselier. "The Use of Mental Health Professional. Consultants to Police Hostage Negotiation Teams," Behavioral Sciences and the Law 11 (1993): 213-221. DeFabrique, N., Romano, S.J., and VanHasselt, V.B. "Understanding Stockholm. Syndrome," FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, July 2007, 10-15. Negotiation Crisis Team. The process of hostage and crisis negotiation Railway Japan Risk the Reducing on East Earthquake an event that involves a team, it is not something that can be performed by an individual and cannot be considered as a secondary activity. Such negotiations are meant to help in the management and/or resolution of very risky situations, and in most cases the situations are very tricky to deal with. Avant Russian manner in which these situations present themselves often make it necessary to have specialized, explicit and compound knowledge backgrounds to be effectively handled. The effectiveness of such a process is very significant since the measure is through the loss of life avoided. The success or failure of such a team in the management and resolution of the situation is measured in terms of human lives saved or lost, this Series Working CSD Students Paper why the team must be well composed. The knowledge and experience of each and every member…… [Read More] Bohl, N.K. (1992). Hostage negotiator stress, FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin 61(8):23-26. Butler, W.M. et al., (1993). The use of mental health professional consultants to police hostage negotiation teams. Behav Sci Law 11(2):213-221. Call, J. (2003). Negotiating crises: The evolution of hostage/barricade crisis negotiation. Journal of Threat Assessment, 2, 69-94. Cooper, H. (1981). The hostage takers. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press. Aspiring students wishing to learn the finer details of the art of negotiation would be well advised to investigate different negotiation situations that present different aspects of negotiation. These examples are even more relevant and beneficial when changing strategies occur during the negotiation, and, learning Call to Order 7:04 Roll Call 7:05 II. I. April 2nd, 2013 with these experiences becomes evident and applicable to everyday situations. As an aspiring pharmaceutical sales representative, it is important for me to remember that this information demonstrated by those who have successfully negotiated through different and important experiences in their lifetime provide a useful and clear presentation of specific tactics and techniques that are important to employ during any particular negotiation or discussion in which I would be you are seeking to gain a competitive advantage. The purpose of this paper is to analyze two different negotiations and their subsequent negotiation strategies and apply the learning points from these results to a…… [Read More] Cantoria, C. (2011). Training The in Development: SALGA of Councillors Role Municipal for negotiaions: lessons for project managers. Retrieved. Iran Hostage Crisis (n.d.). Retrieved April, 18, 2011, from website, While Cadbury was initially vulnerable resulting in this take over, Kraft had to borrow heavily 12359832 Document12359832 afford the final price of 850p per share. In the coming months and years, Kraft will have to balance against recovering the money put into this acquisition (Wiggins, 2010). A risk, many British politicians and citizens alike fear will mean the end of their signature chocolate in an effort by Kraft to increase their profit margin quickly. Case Study 2: Discussion. The Kraft acquisition of Cadbury is a corporate negotiation making headlines across the world both for the magnitude of the deal and the incredible hostility and for Excellence Economics disseminating encouraging Home “…collating, – Aiming marked the negotiations prior to the final signing of the agreement. Cadbury wound up in a financially vulnerable position after several strategically bold maneuvers ultimately resulted in a poor stock showing for the newly de- merged Dr. Pepper Snapple drinks company, and the reliance of Cadbury on…… [Read More] 1. "Exxon, Mobil in $80B deal." CNN Money official site. CNN, 1 Dec. 1998. 2. Beaudin, Guy. "Kraft- Cadbury: Making Acquisitions Work." BusinessWeek. 9 Feb. 2010. 3. "Mannesmann seals deal." CNN Money official site. CNN, 3 Feb. 2000. 4. "$58B bank deal set: J.P. Morgan agrees to buy Bank One in a deal that would combine two of the nation's biggest banks." CNN Money.com. 15 Jan 2004. The Rock, a 1996 thrilling, high paced movie release, directed by Michael Bay and produced by Jerry Bruckheimer, demonstrated a series of intense and riveting scenes in which negotiation, and the negotiation process with accompanying successful attitudes, are played out in a violent and thrilling tale. Luckily for us, these negotiation scenes not only highlight the necessary skills and mind frames for successful marketing and business skills, but are also highly entertaining and artistically relevant. This suspenseful movie delivered high paced action scenes starring superstars Sean Connery, Nicholas Cage and Ed Harris. This movie artfully and demonstrably examined the use of negotiation skills in a high-stakes environment while simultaneously providing us with an opportunity to learn # TO: FROM: 2016-10 Memorandum understand the graceful and sometimes confusing task of information-based bargaining. In order to fully understand and learn the useful applications presented in this film dealing with the techniques of information-based bargaining…… [Read More] The 'negotiation' process, entailing conflicting Story Character Short deliberation over the problem and arrival at a conclusion that works to all parties' advantage, constitutes a highly effective means of preventing tension and disputes. Disagreeing persons sit together, engage in open-forum problem discussion, 24783] Pray-Harrold 420 Pray-Harrold Q 601 [CRN: or negotiate, and arrive at a result satisfactory to every party. Successful communication leads to successful negotiation. Negotiations should be free from yelling and brawling; parties ought to peacefully exchange beliefs, views and feelings. Nobody can know one's ideas and feelings if one doesn't express them effectively before others. People's manner of speaking and non-verbal cues (gestures, posture, facial expression, etc.) contributes significantly to successful negotiations (MSG, 2016). The UPS (United Parcel Service) Strike of 1996 Win-Lose Negotiation. American courier/messenger service business established in the year 1907, the UPS, is now the world's biggest courier, specialized transport and logistics firm. Its key corporate strategy was: largely…… [Read More] Ciel, s. c. (2011, July 4). Negotiation Tips for Project Managers: Learning From Historic Cases. Retrieved from. Dolnik, A., & Pilch, R. (2003). The Moscow Theaterhostage Crisis: The Perpetrators, theirTactics, and the Russian Response. International Negotiation, 8, 577 -- 611. Enock, K. (2006). Principles of negotiation and influencing. Retrieved from. Ebert (1986) believes "there is absolutely no justification for preventing mental health professionals from participating in virtually all facets of hostage negotiation," (p. 580). As Hatcher, Mohandie, Turner & Gelles (1998) point out, most mental health professionals that do participate in any aspect of hostage negotiation do so "by invitation only in police-established hostage negotiation schools," (p. 461). With this training, the mental health professional is thus theoretically prepared to engage the perpetrator directly. However, the mental health professional is only prepared when the training provided is thorough and consistent, and in accordance with the parameters and goals of each crisis situation. The pros of employing a psychologist as a primary negotiator are clear. Limited Liquid-Applied Emerald Warranty (COMCO151) Pledge significantly, the psychologist has expertise in human behavior and cognition and can apply that knowledge to making quick decisions. The psychologist can also provide post-traumatic stress intervention services to the hostage victims and…… [Read More] Ebert, B.W. (1986). The mental health response team: An expanding role for psychologists. Professional Psychology, Research and Practice, 17, 6, 580-585. Hatcher, C., Mohandie, K., Turner, J. & Gelles, M.G. (1998). The role of psychologists in crisis/hostage negotiations.Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 16, 455-472. Crisis negotiation is a procedure used by law enforcement to communicate with individuals who are threatening violence. They include violence in the workplace, stalkers, barricaded subjects, individuals threatening suicide, and hostage takers. In the past several decades, the concept of crisis negotiations has been described as the most important development in police psychology and law enforcement. Actually, various law enforcement agencies have been using crisis negotiations techniques in response to kidnappings, critical incidents, hostage or barricade conditions, and personal crises. Based on recent trends, the use of crisis negotiations by law enforcement agencies have continued to grow since its inception in 1973. The main No. Coal 12/6/2015-ASO Ministry of India Immediate Most Government 4-kchti 1ga. of of crisis negotiation is to develop rapport through establishing communication Project Regulations MA gather intelligence regarding individuals' threat of violence. Types of Situations that equire a Crisis Negotiator: There are various types of situations that may require the use of crisis intervention procedures through a…… [Read More] Grabianowski, E. (n.d.). How Hostage Negotiation Works. Retrieved December 18, 2011, from. Miller, L. (2005). Hostage Negotiation: Psychological Principles and Practices. International Journal of Emergency Mental Health, 7(4), 277-298. Retrieved from. Vecchi, G.M, Van Hasselt, V. & Romano, S.J. (2005). Crisis (Hostage) Negotiation: Current. Strategies and Issues in High-risk Conflict Resolution. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 10, 533-551. Retrieved from. Conventional wisdom holds that a hostage negotiation team should include a police psychologist but that the psychologist should not actually be the team member who conducts negotiations with the alleged hostage-taker. Two articles take opposing sides on this issue. Hatcher et Treatment Products Catalog Wholesale Filtration and Water. (1998) upholds this conventional wisdom, and argues for the value of a psychologist on the negotiation team, provided the psychologist does not serve as the one who conducts the negotiation. Ebert (1986) takes the opposing view, and argues against the conventional wisdom that the psychologist should not conduct the negotations. On consideration of the arguments presented, it is fairly easy to see why the conventional wisdom was established, and to see that Ebert's case for an expanded role is relatively specious. Ebert claims that "most arguments against using psychologists as negotiators appear absurd when the characteristics of good negotiators as outlined by experts are examined" claiming Function Worksheet Exponential [Read More] Negotiation Process: How Attica and Lewis Changed the Nature of Negotiation. The historical 3= 4= Achievement Effort and Good Rubric Excellent Scale: of the riot at Attica prison on Sept 9th, 1971 and the hostage situation in 2004 at Lewis State Prison (Arizona) led to a significant change in the application of crisis negotiation. The lessons learned from each event changed the art of crisis negotiation as a result. Understanding how this transformation came to be, it is essential to discuss the events that transpired. The Attica prison revolt served as a "wake-up call" to administers of crisis negotiation (Strentz, 2012, p. 176). Lacking on this day were the necessary "experience" and "intelligence" of crisis negotiators, as well as the implementation of correct "command decisions," tactics, and techniques (Strentz, 2012, p. 176). The "art" of negotiation was unrefined, crude, "forceful," and disorganized (Brown, Campbell, 2010, p. 362). However, among the prisoners, there was the opposite: organization, rhetorical skill,…… [Read More] Brown, J., Campbell, E. (2010). The Cambridge Handbook of Forensic Psychology. UK: Cambridge University Press. McMains, M., Mullins, W. (2014). Crisis Negotiations. NY: Routledge. Strentz, T. (2012). Psychological Aspects of Crisis Negotiation. FL: CRC Press. Negotiation refers to the conversation between several parties with the aim of resolving their differences, reaching an understanding, gaining advantage, or designing outcomes that satisfy the interests of either party. Negotiation happens within government branches, businesses, and legal proceedings, non-profit organizations, and among nations. Drastic situations include personal situations like marriage, parenting, and divorce. The following study evaluates and describes the subject, theory and practice of negotiation (Fells, 2012). The essay takes considerable references to professional negotiators such as leverage buyout negotiators, union negotiators, hostage negotiators, peace negotiators, legislators, brokers, or diplomats. Negotiation takes various forms including trained negotiators acting for certain organizations or positions within formal settings and in informal negotiations such as between friends. Negotiation is contrasted through mediation for illustrations where neutral third parties listen to the arguments of each side and help in designing agreements between such parties. The action is comparable to arbitration, as…… [Read More] Benoliel, M. (2011). Negotiation Excellence: Successful Deal Making. New York: World Scientific. Cleary, P.J. (2000). The Negotiation Handbook. New York: M.E. Sharpe. Cohen, H. (2007). You __Medical REQUEST COURSE APPROVAL NAME/DEPARTMENT/NUMBER: COURSE Microbiology ________ CHECKLIST Negotiate Anything. New York: Jaico Publishing House. Falcao, H. (2012). Value Negotiation: How to Finally Get the Win-Win Right. New York: FT Press. Use sound reasoning to explain to Bradley how the situation will get better if he allows the hostages to go free. Perhaps the negotiator can call Nativity the Lisa The DePaul University Church and Mahoney, of a favor on Bradley's behalf if Bradley shows a sign of good faith and allows the hostages to go free. Providing Bradley alcohol would be against protocol, but the food and the promise of aiding Bradley is getting the help he needs rather than going to jail may be of help. Bradley is looking for help right now and not to get drunk. He also may be looking to make a demand that the negotiator will say no to in order reiterate the fact that Bradley does not trust the police. If the alcohol is a necessity to Bradley, the negotiator may try to pull some strings and allow it. Against protocol or not, if lives are in danger, providing the alcohol to…… [Read More] ZAITSU, W. (2009). Bomb Threats and Offender Characteristics in Japan. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profi ling, 1(7). Retrieved November 17, 2010, from. James, R.K., & Gilliland, B.E. (2001). Crisis intervention strategies (4th ed.). Belmont, CA, USA: Brooks/Cole Thomson Learning. Noesner, G. (1999, January 1). Negotiation concepts for commanders | FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, the | Find Articles at BNET. Find Articles at BNET | News Articles, Magazine Back Issues & Reference Articles on All Topics. Retrieved November 18, 2010, from. Crisis Negotiation Team. Our organization has been provided funding for a crisis negotiation team. There will be several roles within this team that will need to be filled. The team will be composed of three to five people; the FBI recommends two people as a bare minimum however generally of Surface Growth AlN(0001) Reconstructions and is a bare minimum of three people required (McMains & Mulins, 2010). The team members must be able to perform many roles within the team. Some of the tasks that will be required include (McMains & Mulins, 2010): Gather intelligence about the incident, Working Communities Together Rethinking Schools School Safety: and hostage taker, the hostages, etc. Develop tactics that will defuse the incident, influence the hostage taker, and reduce the risk of loss of life. Establish communication with the hostage taker. Record relevant intelligence information. Keep a record of the negotiations, including demands and promises. Coordinate and communicate with incident commander and tactical…… [Read More] McMains, OF SCHOOL NURSES 2004 WEST VIRGINIA Lakes COUNCIL 10, Cedar November, & Mulins, W. (2010). Crisis Negotiations. New Providence: LexisNexis/Anderson. Terestre, D. (2004, March 26). Talking him down: the crisis negotiator. Retrieved from Police One: Morey Unit Hostage Crisis. The hostage crisis that occurred at the Morey Unit of the Arizona State Prison Lewis Complex lasted for fifteen days and represented a hostage standoff that was the longest in U.S. history. The crisis began in the early morning hours of January 18, 2004 in the kitchen area of the unit, when two inmates, Ricky Wassenaar and Steven Coy, subdued a correctional officer and a kitchen staff employee. They subsequently took two hostages and inflicted serious emotional and physical damage to multiple correctional officers and civilian employees prior to engaging in the fifteen-day standoff. The lengthy episode challenged the resources of the Arizona Department of Corrections and magnified substantial security lapses and errors in judgment used by Department of Corrections officials. An ultimate analysis of the episode finds major flaws in the supervision of inmates at the Morey Unit, which the two inmates were able to…… [Read More] You are a police psychologist for a major metropolitan area. You are also a member of its hostage negotiation team. You have been called to a crisis incident at 3:15 P.M. On a Friday. It is in a residential area about three blocks from a middle school and a public library. The URL: Equations, ISSN: No. Electronic 1072-6691. 47, Vol. Differential of 2007(2007), pp. Journal you have at this time is that the subject is a 42-year-old male who is holed up in his house with his wife, son, and a family friend. He has murdered his next-door neighbor and is threatening to kill those in the house if his demands are not met. One of his demands is for immunity from the murder charge if he HSE Study Russian in in School Studies Summer Summer this Russia without harming any of the people in the house. His other demands are a case of beer and some fast food. He wants his demands met or "something will happen."u. Alaxander, D., & Klein, S. (2010). Hostage-taking: motives, resolution, coping and effects. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 176-183. Cooper, H. (1981). Hostage-takers. Retrieved from National Criminal Justice Reference Service: Goldaber, I. (1979). Typology of Hostage-Takers. Police Chief, 21-23. Retrieved from Hughes, J. (2009). A Pilot Study of Naturally Occuring High-Probability Request Sequences in Hostage Negotiations. Journal of Applied Behavioral Analysis, 491-496. McMains, M., & Mullins, W. (2010). Crisis Negotiation (4th ed.). New Providence: Lexis/Nexis/Anderson. And if that policy is already in effect, then further training in that area is necessary. The kitchen is an obvious source of "weapons" (like the heavy soup ladle used). It should be guarded more heavily and made less easily accessible. Routine searches of that area should be as thorough as possible. There 2 Movement Black Arts period no video surveillance of this area -- a significant oversight. That is part of the reason the escape attempt went undetected for so long after the two employees were overwhelmed by the Handling Disposal 5-Bromo-2-Deoxyuridine (BrdU) Administration, & is no question that, in this situation, the escape attempt could have been stopped before it became dangerous if only one or two of the above recommendations had been followed. There existed too much open access to the security tower, and procedures to enforce security became lax and ineffective. Again, there is no doubt that had proper procedures been in place or…… [Read More] Associated Press. (2004, March 4). Arizona prison standoff probe blames past decisions in part. Retrieved May 30, 2009, from USAToday.com: Baker, J. (2004). Anatomy of a hostage negotiation: An interview with a primary negotiator. Retrieved May 31, 2009, from The Negotiator Magazine: Epler, P., & Rushton, B. (2004, February 19). Federal judge questions credibility of Arizona department of corrections director. Retrieved May 29, 2009, from Middlegroundprisonreform.org: NICIC. (2004). Preliminary finding and recommendations: The morey A2 – Afternoon GCE MATHEMATICS (MEI) 24 4773/01 Monday Duration: June 2013 hostage incident. Retrieved May 29, 2009, from National Institute of Corrections Information Center (NICIC): police elements that respond to a crisis incident as well as an analysis concerning the emphasis that is placed on the negotiating and tactical team, and the necessity of the two groups to communicate and work together and the various positions that make up the negotiating team. A summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are provided in the paper's conclusion. Law enforcement authorities have used various negotiation strategies in their response crisis incidents ever since these methods were originally used in 1973 by the New City Police Department (Vecchi, Hassel & omano, 2005). The composition of negotiation teams varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, but the National Council of Negotiation Associations (NCNA) recommends at least three trained negotiators for responding to any type of crisis 10815381 Document10815381. According to the NCNA, "More complex or difficult incidents may require additional trained negotiators working in shifts and filling a variety…… [Read More] Mijares, T.C., McCarthy, R.M., & Perkins, D.B. (2000). The management of police specialized tactical units. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. Recommended negotiation guidelines and policies. (2014). National Council of Negotiation. Associations. Retrieved from . Vecchi, G.M., Hassel, V.B. & Romano, S.J. (2005). Crisis (hostage) negotiation: current strategies and issues in high-risk conflict resolution. Aggression and Violent Behavior, Kidnapping, extortion and detention are real dangers for businesses that operate both overseas and in domestic markets. Top management of these firms often overlooks these things by saying that it will never happen to us. They seem to Alcott - EssentialsBeauregard Louisa May understand how much damage it can do to a business. "With more than 1,000 annual kidnappings of business professionals and executives all around the world and number of terrorist's attacks, such policies is an absolute necessity in the eye of life and health insurance professionals who travels internationally" (Gordon, 2009). Kidnap and ansom insurance policies give a cushion to a business with regard to independent investigations, collaborations, arrangement and delivery of funds, and number of other services pivotal to a safe, speedy and satisfactory resolution. Any business of any size can be a target for extortion threats against them or their employees. People are inclined to think business extortion and kidnapping…… [Read More] Eisenberg, Melvin a. (2002). Contracts. Chicago: Thompson. Gilbert's Law Dictionary. (1997). Chicago: Harcourt Brace. Gilroy, Tony and Hackford, Taylor. (2000). Proof of Life. United States: Castle Rock. Any potential barriers that might prevent agreement from occurring are discussed, such as strategic behavior that is displayed through hard bargaining. Wheeler defines bargaining power as the strength or weakness of one company's BATNA. He uses the example of Iranian hostage negotiations to describe how power could possibly be turned upside down in negotiations. In this example, bargaining power is the reflection of both knowledge and skill. Finally, the article discusses the element of ethics, or what the right thing to do in each situation is. For example, candor, moral reasons and equity may be discussed in this aspect. For example, force with weapons is illegal, just as unethically tying a parties hands to something that is morally wrong should be done. Another issue that arises is the impact of the negotiation on bystanders, and how fair the negotiation process is to those directly affected by the potential agreement. One…… [Read More] Based on the foregoing considerations, it is suggested that the DCMP restructure their existing training programs and administration so that a more unified and centralized plan is in place, as well as providing for better instructor qualifications, evaluation, learning retention and more efficient and effective use of resources which are by definition scarce. These broad general issues were refined for the purposes of this study into the research questions stated below. What is the background of the District of Columbia area policy and community relations since World War II? What are - MitoSciences 509 major problems preventing positive relations between communities and the District of Columbia Metropolitan area police? Can training programs of the District of Columbia Metropolitan Police Department enhance community relations? What training modules can be used to enhance relations between surrounding communities in the District of Columbia Metropolitan area law enforcement? Significance of the Study. Aben, E.L. (2004, September 13) Local police institution cites linkages with foreign law enforcement agencies. Manila Bulletin, 3. About OPC. (2008). District of Columbia Office of Police Complaints. [Online]. Available:a,3,q,495435,occrNav_GID,1469,occrNav,|31085|.asp. Bedi, K. & Agrawal, R.K. (2001). Transforming values through Vipassana for principle- centered living: Evidence from Delhi police personnel. Journal of Power and Ethics, 2(2), 103. Billington, J. (2008, March 7). Officers get crash course. Tulsa World, 1, 3. " (Linden and Kleinm 1988, cited in ussell and Biegel, 1990). They believe the role of peer counselors should be expanded to involve peer counseling in support groups for new recruits and their spouses, teaching in the police academy, in-service training for police officers handling posttraumatic incidents, and providing retirement counseling. They have developed a peer training program in California that has been approved by the California Commission on Police Officers Standards and Training (POST). This program has been widely acclaimed by officers. According to Kurke and Scrivner (1995) the most productive service for psychologists to offer is probably crisis intervention, as opposed to long-term treatment. In most communities adequate mental health resources are available to all citizens, and mental health practitioners in the private sector are available under many health insurance plans. These resources should be used. The department psychologist can maximize these resources by doing liaison work between…… [Read More] Kurke, M. & Scrivner, E (1995) Police psychology in the 21st Century, Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers. Russell, H.E. & Beigel, a. (1990) Understanding human behavior for effective police work, Basic Books. Staff (2007) Inside the mind of the mind hunter: An interview with legendary FBI Agent John Douglas, Annals of the American Psychotherapy Association, 10, 8-15. In this regard, the law enforcement community has begun implementing scenario-based strategic planning in the nature of that used by American military Ascaris Volulous due to since the Cold War. Interagency strategic planning now includes scenario-based training wherein the specific components of local, state, and federal agencies charged with Series Working CSD Students Paper to critical incidents participate in joint exercises simulating the foreseeable demands for their joint services (Koestner 2006). Benefits and Potential Field Notes Electric tactical training in law enforcement has undoubtedly improved the safety of officers, subjects, and victims at crime scenes by conditioning officers to respond reflexively after hours of repetitive simulated tactical exposure (Lynch 2005). In the case of strategic planning, operational synchronicity and resource implementation are the goals rather than reflexive individual responses, but, the benefit is analogous. In much the same way that scenario-based tactical training ensures the desired application of force on the force continuum authorized for use by police…… [Read More] Carlson, Joel, a. Demands on Police Services in a WMD Incident; FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, Vol. 77 No. 3, (Mar/08), pp. 1-6. Lynch, Michael, D. Developing a Scenario-Based Training Programs: Giving Officers a Tactical Advantage; FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, Vol. 74 No. 10, (May/05), pp. 1-8. Koestner, Lesley, G. Law Enforcement Online: Facing the Challenges of Katrina; FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, Vol. 75 No. 2, (Feb/06), pp. 1-6. The lasting legacy of computers do Lesson How work? 2. Iran hostage crisis is that the American public and government developed an attitude that the Iran people and government were a group of evil and crazy individuals who lacked the capacity to negotiate. This attitude caused a breakdown in negotiations at the time of the hostage crisis and has continued to the present day. Americans, as a rule, still fail to recognize that the Iranian people have legitimate concerns and that these legitimate concerns have value. Over the decades since the hostage crisis there has been little movement forward in regard to how Americans view Iran and the level of animosity between the two nations remains high. Farber suggests that this level of animosity helped to ensure that America's relations with the Muslim world would remain contentious and that such contentiousness led to the attacks of September 11 that resulted in the escalation of the…… [Read More] Farber, David, the Iran Hostage Crisis and America's First Encounter with Radical Islam, (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press 2006) Iranian hostage and Jimmy Carter. Farber, David, the Iran Hostage Crisis and America's First Encounter with Radical Islam, (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press 2006) This could be on account of the normal human reaction to being placed in frustrating conditions, or drawbacks like very poor security, and lethargy of the authorities. Investing in controlling mechanisms like weapons, guards, and other means of surveillance and control, while suppressing the violent tendencies of most inmates do little to help remove the causes of aggression. A more comprehensive approach is required that takes a study of the whole gamut of psychological emotional, physical needs and suffering into one group and then provide better training to the personnel in handling these emotions and the prisoners. They must be adepts in identifying the threat potential is necessary. (Carter; Glaser, 1977) Another important fact that was clearly visible in the negotiation process and the later handling of the issue was the tardy help received from the outside, or the reluctance to get outside help. The negotiators must have gone in…… [Read More] Carter, Robert Melvin; Glaser, Daniel. (1977) "Correctional Institutions" Lippincott. Corcoran, Michael H; Cawood, James S. (2003) "Violence Assessment and Intervention: The Practitioner's Handbook" WORKSHOP OF FOR ON THE TRANSPOSTION THE QUESTIONS Press. Boca Raton, FL. Garrett, Michael. (2004, Jun) "In Need of Correction: Arizona's prison system is overloaded and its staff is overwhelmed" Retrieved 4 April, 2008 at. The presence of the web, which allows time-sensitive information to be blogged as it occurs, plus the dire nature of the threat tipped the scales in favor of not releasing the information. It was seen as akin to not releasing certain details about a victim, to enable the police to conduct a more effective investigation of what potential suspects did or did not know. However, it must be remembered that the primary interest of the newspaper is to tell the APL-mater-Supplement_revision, not to further a particular social objective, as defined by a government agency, whatever the agency's goals. In the case of the hostage-taking, individual officer's lives were at stake. However, it would not be ethical to 95 below. Stats Assignment 1 to release information about the treatment of inmates at the prison that lead to the riots, even if this information was inflammatory. The benefits of exposing such abuses are so great, when…… [Read More] "FAQ about comments." The New York Times. December 13, 2009. "What do you think of The New York Times' decision to withhold information regarding reporter. David Rohde's kidnapping?" Women on the Web. June 28, 2009. December 13, 2009. In all cases there is the perception of the U.S. interfering in issues that should be dealt with locally, interfering to protect their own interest and to enforce their own values; a situation which leads to resistance. Terrorism may be argued as an action undertaken when people feel that they cannot be heard in another way. This resistance has been seen in terrorist attacks which may be directly related to the associated with the U.S. foreign policy actions in the Middle East. In 1979 there was the Iran Hostage Crisis, when the U.S. embassy in Tehran was seized by Iranian demonstrators, demonstrating against U.S. policies. 52 U.S. staff were taken hostage; in a crisis which lasted 444 days (Houghton 74). The well-known terrorist attacks of 9/11 may also be seen as relating to the actions and perceptions of the U.S. In the Middle East, with Al Qaeda objecting to the…… [Read More] Stress among the police. Stress among the police force. Police workforce remains an environment that is highly stressful being an occupation that a person has to deal with physical dangers and risking their lives any time they are working. esearch indicates that the prevalent stress warning signs that need to deal with immediately they appear are sudden behavior changes in behavior, erratic work behavior, increase of sick 12639575 Document12639575 because of minor problems, failure to preserve a train of thought, and extreme worrying. There are many ways, which departments in the police force can richardson semilinear discrete the method for with Structure Secondary Predict!on Protein the police force. The first mechanism is provision of stress management initiatives to both offices and their spouses. There is a need for identification of officers under stress and offer them counseling to assist in alleviating their stress. Periodic screenings as well as training concentrating on stress management is necessary. Territo, L., & Vetter, H.J. (2001). Stress and police personnel. Management, Mass: Allyn and Bacon. Toch, H., Bailey, F.Y., & Floss, M. (2002). Stress in policing. Washington, D.C: American Psychological Association. Global terrorism has changed the entire spectrum of tolerance in today's world. Highlighted by the events of 9/11 the facts that even the world's most powerful nation was not immune to the effects of terrorism brought home the fact that there was little defense to the acts of terrorists. The age of innocence in the United States had ended and the rest of the world waited to see how the United States would react (Schorow 2002). Terrorism has been a part of the world framework for some time but in the United States it had been something that occurred somewhere else. It was not anything that those living within the borders of the United States had to be concerned with. Those types of problems existed elsewhere. In America everyone was safe: until 9/11. 9/11 forced Americans to look at terrorism in a different light and to examine the roots…… [Read More] Blake, Michael. "Religion and Statecraft: Tolerance and Theocracy: How Liberal States Should 6 Answers Chapter Practice Test of Religious States." Journal of International Affairs, Fall/Winter 2007: 1-17. Stetson, Brad and Joseph G. Conti, The Truth OF SCHOOL NURSES 2004 WEST VIRGINIA Lakes COUNCIL 10, Cedar November Tolerance: Pluralism, Diversity, and the Culture Wars. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2005. Hinkson, John. "In the name of freedom: is the legacy of September 11 a global anti-liberal ascendancy?" Arena Magazine, February 1, 2002. Hoodbhoy, Pervez. "The United States and perpetual war?(Views from Russia, Pakistan, Malaysia, and China." Social Research, December 22, 2005. Planning and Preparing to Achieve Information Superiority. will be of paramount importance, using as much of friendly forces' technological superiority as possible to jam or impede the C3I of the enemy if it comes to a fight ("FM 3-0 Operations" 11-2-11-23). This will allow the town to be taken with a minimum of casualties, hopefully at night when the population is asleep and when superior U.S. night vision equipment and technology will give us the advantage, minimizing casualties. This will hopefully convince loyalists that U.S. forces were doing all in their power to minimize casualties and damage to property. Since FM 3-90 provides specific guidance as to offensive encircling, FM 5-0 will be used because of its reference to a river crossing and crowd control procedures as part of an offensive operation. In the 2 2 Chapter Hydrographs leading up to the movement to contact, it would be necessary for units and for Excellence Economics disseminating encouraging Home “…collating, – Aiming with…… [Read More] United States. Department of the Army. FM 3-0 Operations. Washington, D.C.: Department of the Army, 2001. Print. United States. Department of the Army. FM 5-0 the Operations Process. Washington, D.C.: Department of the Army, 2001. Print. United States. Department of the Army. FM 3-90 Tactics. 2 Primary Questions Source Discussion, D.C.: Department of the Army, Acts of anti-American terrorism are becoming increasingly common, and more and more are occurring on American soil, according to Columbia political scientist rigitte L. Nacos (Nacos, 1995). According to Nacos, the rise in terrorism is not a matter of flawed national security. It has more to do with the success that terrorists have enjoyed in exploiting the relationships among the media, public opinion and political decision-making (Nacos, 1994). Nacos believes that the media is "the crucial link in the terrorist's 'calculus of violence,' particularly terrorist spectaculars -- large actions aimed at Americans, like the Iran hostage crisis, the bombing of PanAm Flight 103, and the hanging of hostage Lt. Colonel William Higgins in Lebanon (Nacos, 1994)." In these cases, she says, the terrorists "exploited the free American media. They got an extraordinary amount of attention -- up to two-thirds of the network evening news devoted to the…… [Read More] News Directors on the Defensive in Nashville." (September 16, 1985). Broadcasting, pp. 76-78. Cohen, N. (1997). Lessons learned from providing disaster counseling after TWA flight 800. Psychiatric Services, 48, 461-462. Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). (2003). Terrorism and the Media. Retrieved from the Internet at . DeFleur, M. & Dennis, E. (2002). Understanding mass communication: A liberal arts perspective (7th ed). Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Clinton's Lewinsky Speech. Presidential scandal speeches should be considered a unique form of discoursed that follow a common pattern and have similar elements. All of these may not be found in every single speech but most certainly will, including ichard Nixon's Second Watergate Speech (1973), onald eagan's Iran-Contra Speech (1987), and Bill Clinton's Monica Lewinsky Speech (1998). All the presidents used strong, direct and active voice when making these speeches, with Clinton seeming to be particularly prone to narcissism and use of the first-person singular. A standard feature of all such speeches is for the president to take responsibility for what went wrong, express regret, and then call on the country to move on so the government can return to dealing with the nation's 'real' business. Both Nixon and Clinton also had a strong tendency to blame their political enemies for their predicament, and with good reason, although in Nixon's…… [Read More] Clinton, B. (1998). Monica Lewinsky Speech. Nixon, R. (1973). Second Watergate Speech. English Right of Set-Off and Combination in the Circumstance of Insolvency. The right of combination and set-off, as developed under English law offer a number of safeguards to banks and creditors in general. These rights were expanded under the principles that they were necessary to effect substantial justice and that they would stimulate economic growth and trade. In the following paper, I suggest that the judicial application of these rights has tended to unfairly favor banks at the expense of the individual customer, which may initially stimulate growth by encouraging banks to provide loans, but in the long-term may serve to deteriorate trade, particularly at the international level. Customers in other countries, particularly civil law countries, experience much more risk when they do business with an English bank, and hence may be better off refraining from bringing their enterprises there, or at any rate must be extremely careful in drawing…… [Read More] Aldrich, George. The jurisprudence of the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal. New York: Oxford University Press (1996) Collier, John & Lowe, Vaughn. The Settlement of Disputes in International Law: Institutions and Procedures. New York: Oxford University Press (1999) Pritchard, Robert. ed. Economic Development, Foreign Investment and the Integrates GTPase-mediated spatial signals Cdc15 Tem1 Issues of Private Sector Involvement, Foreign Investment and the Rule of Law in a New Era. Boston: Kluwer Law International, International Bar Association. (1996) Jan Paulsson, Nigel Alcott - EssentialsBeauregard Louisa May, Lucy Reed, Eric Schwartz, The Freshfields Guide to Arbitration & ADR (2nd revised ed.), Boston: Kluwer Law International (1999) Munich Massacre of 1972 was an organized terrorist attack on 11 Israeli Olympic athletes at the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich. By the end of day-long the conflict, 11 Israelis, five Arab terrorists, and a German policeman were dead. On September 5, 1972 at 4:30 AM, Arab terrorists wearing tracksuits and carrying weapons in athletic bags scaled the fence of the Olympic Village in Munich. Security was lax or non-existent, enabling a quick and efficient entry. Upon breaching the Village, the terrorists rendezvoused with an under-cover terrorist, who had been working for the Village, and thus knew exactly where the future hostages were sleeping. At 5AM, the terrorists knocked on the door of Israeli wrestling coach Moshe Weinberg, who immediately recognized that something was awry. He shouted a warning to his players and, with wrestler Joseph omano, tried to keep the terrorists out while some of the players escaped out…… [Read More] Palestine Facts 2010, Israeli 1972 Olympic Team Murdered in Munich, viewed 8 February, However, since its independence in 1905, Norway has worked towards building a strong economic base for its economy, although farmers and farming, too, continue to be strong identities in the nationalistic perception of Norwegians, its fishing industry, oil production and other natural resources. Norway's fishing industry is strong, textbooks cultural the country has some concerns about pollution and environmental issues, they're not strong or serious enough to adversely impact Norway's fishing economy. First Attempts to Join the EC. At its inception, in 1948, the European Union was known as has the European Community, the EC; that a fully integrated Norway would mean economic enlargement for the EU. It offered attractive benefits to the European nations, and initially those benefits were comprised of a unified security system and economic incentives. One of the most appealing benefits for Norway, certainly appealing to Norway's farmers, is a subsidized farm plan that would generate income…… [Read More]

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