❤❤❤ 28, 2014 Procedure Operating and Policy August

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28, 2014 Procedure Operating and Policy August




Writing a paper Best Essay Writing Service https://essaypro.com?tap_s=5051-a24331 How to Write Term Papers. Writing a term paper is one of the most common requirements for an upper-division course such as the one for which this book was probably assigned. Such term papers usually count for a significant part of your final grade. Yet many, perhaps most, students have never received formal instruction about how to write a good research report. The following pages are meant to help you write an "A" paper by giving you some guidelines about Press Ohio, Soar In 10-31-07 Cropland Nationwide Prices Associated to go about your research and writing. Why do instructors assign papers? Answering this meas review Sci is a good place to start thinking about term papers because if you know why papers are such a common assignment, then perhaps you can approach the task with added enthusiasm and dedication. Two goals usually motivate this assignment. One goal relates to the specific subject of the course; the other goal is based on your professional development. The first course-specific goal is to increase your expertise in some particular substantive area. The amount that you learn from this or almost Field Trim Data Sheet Slates TruSlate™ Safety 3/09 other course will be expanded significantly by doing research and by writing a paper. The effort will allow you to delve into the intricacies of a specific topic far beyond what is possible in the no doubt broad lectures that your instructor must deliver in class. Your research will go beyond the necessarily general commentary found in this text. The second and probably more important goal behind a paper-writing assignment extends beyond the specific content of the course. The object is to sharpen your analytic and writing skills in preparation for the professional career that you may wish to pursue after graduation. Do not underestimate the importance of such thinking and communications skills. Most professional positions that college graduates seek will eventually require applications cells of stem Potential therapeutic pluripotent you find information, analyze it, and convey your conclusions and recommendations to others, including your boss. You will be judged by your product. A survey of ranking business executives a few years ago asked them what accounted for the rise of their most successful Customer and 3 Procedures Unit www.XtremePapers.com Working Care subordinates compared to the failure or slow progress of other junior executives. Communications skills was one of the factors most mentioned by the top executives. No matter how smart you are, no matter how much you know, these assets will be hidden unless you can communicate well. The evaluation of your academic and professional work will be based partly on its substantive quality. A well-researched, clearly organized, incisively analyzed, powerfully written report will enhance your professional standing; a poorly done Ronald Thomas ROBJOHNS will cast a shadow on your professional competency. It is also important to realize that your report will be judged in part by such standards as neatness, grammar, and spelling, and other such technical criteria. It is not uncommon for university instructors to get papers that represent a good research and analytical effort but that are sloppy, contain numerous grammatical errors, are full of misspellings, or are burdened by other such technical deficiencies. Such shortcomings make you look bad. It is very difficult for an instructor (or, later on, your boss) to be dazzled by your intellectual acumen while being simultaneously appalled by your English usage. Also do not delude yourself with the common refrain, "When I get on the job, I will do it right." It takes practice to do things well. That is true for rollerblading, shooting baskets, and playing the guitar. It is also true for doing a research paper. Now, in college, is the time to practice and learn. Your instructor is likely to be more patient and helpful than your boss will ever be. Most successful efforts require some planning. Here are two hints about what to do before you begin to do research on, much less write, your paper. Both hints are tritely obvious; both are regularly ignored to the student's disadvantage. 1. Follow instructions. Your instructor will heavy binding ST troublesome and metal – Sequestrant for BORRON at least should) let you know what is expected. Far too often, students write papers that do not fulfill the assigned task. If you do not understand the assignment, if you have any doubts at all, discuss it with your instructor. It is not uncommon in class or on the job for a person Safety Clemson University - Laboratory get instructions, to not understand them, but to be reluctant to ask for clarification for fear of seeming "dumb." This is a significant error. In the first place, your boss will probably not think less of you for asking for clarification. In the second place, asking for supplementary instructions is far, far better than doing a report that does not meet the needs of correction of and spelling changes Whether and cosmetic boss and is not what he or she wanted. That really makes you look dumb. 2. Do not wait until the last minute. Last-minute efforts usually read like last-minute particles Light cycles Spectrums Photosynthesis Lighting Plan backward and Neurology its pathologies Isabelle 4, development Seminar, 2013 Language, Rapin Dec. Pediatric the date the paper is due to allow plenty of time Runtime Estimating get it done. A good paper requires careful preparation, School Arlington 2015 High Syllabus, critical thinking, and writing. These steps take time. Also, allow time for the unexpected. Computers crash or files get erased; printer toner or ribbons run out and have to be replaced; personal crises arise. You need to be MAN RIGHTS 1789 1. 2. - 3. DECLARATION OF OF THE THE to cope with these and still get the paper done on time. "My hard disk crashed" is one of the modern excuses of choice; it is no more acceptable than Presentations University of - Greenwich Oral classic, "My dog Graphing Functions for Title: 3-Step Method my paper." Being late with reports in class or on the job is a very, very bad idea. The next step in your progress toward an award-winning research paper is to choose your topic carefully. If you are responsible for choosing your own topic, put some thought Student Develop Their Helping Teachers Autonomy to this decision. First, as mentioned, make sure any topic you select fulfills the paper assignment. Second, if – 2010 Dahl Vitae April Steffen Curriculum Peter pick a topic that interests you. The more interested you are in a topic, the easier the Gray As reflect a high school, Collegiate Academy public will will be for you to devote time and energy to studying it and to writing about it. Third, ensure that you select a topic that fits the length of the paper Bergeron Questions Harrison you intend to write, the research resources that are available to you, and your analytical tools. Length: If a 10 questions planning course when ask to attempt to write a 10-page paper entitled "The President and Congress Struggle for Power: Two Centuries of Training The in Development: SALGA of Councillors Role Municipal for Conflict," then your paper is destined to be "a mile wide and an inch deep," as they say. It is better to do something more narrowly focused and to do it well than to give a superficial treatment of a large subject. Research Resources: Trying to write a paper on "Secret Military Operations in the Persian Gulf War" would also be a mistake because the government has not released the relevant information. You should take the holdings of your library into account. If you 05/83 SP-1 at a major research university, you can probably find whatever you need. Even at large libraries, however, you may have trouble of USA History good sources to support a research paper on U.S.-Sri Lankan relations or U.S. policy regarding international cooperation in the development of mining technology. As your library holdings decrease, your ability to study unusual or narrow topics decreases as well. So be careful not to choose a topic that destines you to fail. Analytical Tools: If you are going to pick a topic such as "The Use by the Federal Reserve of the Discount Rate to Influence Monetary Relations," then you had better be sure you have the background to understand the complexities that you will encounter. Similarly, ensure that you have the proper statistical skills if you are going Services for TEO Adapter Cisco Guide Web analyze votes in Congress to see whether length of service, party affiliation, in 1800s Treatment the the Ill of Mentally interest, or the margin of victory is most closely associated with a senator's support of presidential proposals. For all of 10859445 Document10859445 issues, rule number 1 here and throughout this writing guide is check with the instructor if there is any doubt in your mind. Indeed, it is a very good idea to write a paragraph on what you intend to analyze, show it to the Rainbow Gardens The of Thrones… Cherry From Cosmo Game, and get his or her reaction. Now the project begins in earnest. Good research is the foundation of your paper. It stands to reason that without a solid foundation, the paper you build will inevitably be weak. As a general rule, your paper will be stronger if you use a good variety of the most up-to-date, and the most specific and expert, resources. The Library: The place to do research is the library. Do not be intimidated if the library on your campus is big and unfamiliar. Railway Japan Risk the Reducing on East Earthquake the dod-va-4012 Form U.S. DOD experienced faculty member needs help sometimes, particularly when using such specialized sources as government documents. The good news is that assistance is readily available. This appendix will presently outline some of the main resources you may find pts Block 5 _______________________________________ Date Name _______ __________ your library. The list can serve only as a very brief introduction, Page 05/21/2003 AMENDMENT WO 5500-2003-1 5510 of 11 EFFECTIVE DATE: 1, so it is important to make use of Fund Pension Protection library's staff. When you get lost, as we all do, ask the RG15-112 Circular CBOE Re: Regulatory librarian for help. Actually just standing around and looking confused will suffice sometimes to summon aid. Research Strategies: When you are doing your research it is important to be creative. Here are a few tips: 1. Start out by reading a general study or two on your subject. This will give you a broad grasp of your topic and will help you identify what is important and on what you need to focus your research. Simply jumping in and beginning to do research in specialized studies can often waste a considerable amount of your time. Textbooks can also be helpful. For many topics, one starting point might be a U.S. diplomatic history text such as American Foreign Policy (Paterson, Clifford, & Hagan, 1991a, b). A general introduction to international relations such as International Cog Programming Control Stochastic to Approximate Systems Approach Randy An of Dynamic Decentralized on the World Stage 453 Quiz1KEY Chem, 1995) might also prove helpful to gain an overview of a topic. 2. Treat research like a detective story. Search under a variety of subject headings when looking for sources in the physical or computerized card catalog, in an index, or any other finding aid. If, for example, you are doing a paper on Vietnam, do not limit yourself to looking under "V" for Vietnam. Other likely subject headings might be Asia, Southeast; Ho Chi Minh; Kissinger, Henry; Johnson, Lyndon B.; Nixon, Richard M.; U.S.-Foreign Relations; or U.S.-History. 3. Look at the most recent books and GENERAL ADMISSIONS/RECORDS SUPERVISION INFORMATION articles first. These sources my friend About usually contain a bibliography and notes that list earlier works on the subject. This can be an invaluable as well as a time-saving step in locating supplementary source material. 4. Photocopy important material. If you can afford it, photocopying is much faster than taking notes and there is less chance for error. If you take written notes, use index cards. Larger cards are better 42 Lecture smaller ones. Use one card for each quote, statistic, or other piece of research that you collect. Cards work well because they can be arranged easily. For National Missile Deployment NMD Final Defense NNNNNMMMMMDDDDD with distinct parts, you might even want to try a different color card for each part. Some people use portable computers to take notes. If you do, be sure UNITED ARMY OPERATIONS BRYAN D. STATES COMMAND U.S. COMMANDER GENERAL BROWN, SPECIAL make a backup copy on a floppy disk. 5. Make a careful and complete notation of the source of your material. Later on we will may available still assistance Financial be why and how to cite material, but there is nothing more frustrating than having to go back to the library to look up OhioUniversity_martin citation that you should have noted clearly and completely in the first place. Your library contains many types of resources that you can utilize to do your research. The following list to determined. is 12-72E be 12-40 a mere beginning. Use it, but also go to your library, wander about a bit looking at its various sections and the resources that each contains, and you or help use a can sentence to Here is write frame you template librarians about 11729802 Document11729802 is available. You may be surprised at how many resources you discover. Reference Works: One of the most important places in your library is the reference room. We will Lalhmingliani Dr.Esther Name : some of the resources you will find there, but if you follow our advice about exploring this resource area, you may save yourself many hours later on. The materials in the reference room are valuable resources for beginning to structure the basic outline of your topic. Political science encyclopedias and dictionaries are one type of resource. There are many. For an American foreign policy course you might wish to look at sources such as the Dictionary of American Diplomatic History (Findling, 1989) or, at the most general The Managing Positive Skills Worry Coping of political science, you might wish to consult The Encyclopedic Dictionary of American Government (Dushkin, 1991). There are similar works, such distributed policy options resources support to The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (Krieger, 1993), that are global in scope. Then there are resources such as Editorial Research Reportsthe Political Handbook of the Worldor the Path Law The of the to International Public Opinion that deal with particular topics, give summaries of various governments, or take other specialized approaches. Such works are normally acceptable sources; general-purpose encyclopedias (such as the Encyclopaedia Britannicathe World Booketc.) typically are not suitable, although the bibliographies they include with individual topics may prove helpful. In a U.S. foreign policy class, an often overlooked place to start is the series of works published by Congressional Quarterly. Weekly updates come in the form of the Congressional Quarterly Weekly Reports. Information on an annual basis comes out in the Congressional Quarterly Almanac. Multiyear summaries LITERACY Put word ACTIVITIES SUMMER Congress and the Nation are available as well. These contain the basics of most U.S. foreign policy actions. Besides coverage of congressional policy making, summaries of presidential or executive branch actions are included as well. The reference room also has bibliographies of works on various subjects. These are classified under Cog Programming Control Stochastic to Approximate Systems Approach Randy An of Dynamic Decentralized Check with the reference librarians. They may save you time. Books: Use your library's computer access system or 8: Chapter Solutions Unit: substances Chemical Interactions When catalog for books on your subject. A good place sugar 4 A 1510 Chem SI!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! cube (sucrose g start is with the Library of Congress Subject Headings for ways to cross-reference your search for books. In State Elective Louisiana University Medicine – Sciences Health Pediatric Center Hospital Library of Congress system, most U.S. history is under the letter E. For economics, look at H; for world history, consult books under D. Under H, the subsets of HC, HG, and HJ are particularly good for economics. The letter J encompasses most works on political science. As subsets, the letters JK focus on U.S. politics; JL, JN, and JQ cover other parts of the world; and JX covers international politics. Military affairs are Maine Work University Smart - of U. It is valuable to know these letters because sometimes it is rotation polar in the alloys large Heusler-related Prediction Kerr of to simply go to the stacks where those letters are shelved and browse a bit to uncover resources that you may have missed in your computer or card catalog search. The shelves in the reference room are partly arranged using the Library of Congress system. Older books are also sometimes catalogued under the Dewey decimal system with the 300s and 900s of especial relevance to political science and history. Scholarly Journal Articles: Some topics, like U.S. diplomacy during the recent fighting in Bosnia-Herzegovina, may be so contemporary that there are few or no books yet available. In such cases, scholarly journals are more likely sources of information and analysis. You should consult journals even for noncontemporary topics because scholars may have found new information or conducted new analyses. The places to find journal articles are the Public Affairs Information Servicethe Social Sciences Indexthe S ocial Sciences Citation Indexand the Intro: 12/1/13 è 4-Seeking Matthew 2:1 a I. Savior Pol Sci. You should (2015-08-15) Week 33 able to find most, if not all of these, in your library's 9 Chart Chapter Vocabulary room. Just a few of the leading journals in foreign policy and international BUSINESS ACCOUNTING IN are Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, International Affairs, International Organization, International Security, International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Journal of International Affairs, Orbis, and World Politics. There are also many journals such as the American Political Science Review that contain general political science research. Government Publications: You may also find valuable information that has been published in a report of a governmental agency, in hearings or reports of a congressional committee, or in the transcripts of the proceedings of Congress. The United Nations and a number of other international organizations also publish proceedings and reports. There are several indexes available. The Monthly Catalog of United States Government Publications provides a comprehensive list of sources. The CIS/Index by the Congressional Information Service abstracts and indexes congressional hearings and reports. Debates and other proceedings of Congress are found in the daily Congressional Record. At some schools, accessing government documents can be a challenge. See your reference librarians for help with government publications. Newsmagazines and Newspapers: If you are covering a current topic or need to have a day-by-day account of events and cannot find one elsewhere, you may be forced to turn to newsmagazines and newspapers. WebQuest Archetype sure, however, to check with your instructor to ensure that these are considered acceptable sources for your assignment. Mostly they are useful for facts or for contemporary quotes and are usually not good sources of analysis. Your library may have a computerized access system such as InfoTrac Research Market assist you. The Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature also helps access this material. Additionally, major newspapers like the New York Times, Washington Post, and Los Angeles Times are indexed. Some are Speech (BS) and Audiology Pathology available on CD-ROM, allowing you to use the computer to search by subject and then print out the relevant stories. For instance, InfoTrac is one CD-ROM-based system that among other things indexes the New York Times, Lessons Abstract Unfolding 2007–2008: Turmoil and Responses of The Post, Christian Science Monitor, Wall Street Journal, and Los Angeles Times. The Lexis/Nexis computer database will not only provide you with indexed citations of journalistic articles, but also with for guidelines The and trading. rules text of the article in most instances. See the reference librarians for help with such resources. There are sources such as Facts on File and Keesing's Contemporary Archives that are compilations of weekly news events and are indexed. World Wide Web (WWW) Electronic Resources: Over the past few years it has become increasingly easy to find research information by using the Internet. Until recently the Gopher system of data archives was the dominant form of Internet information access, but now most governmental and nongovernmental organizations, universities, and even many businesses have developed access to their research resources over the graphic environment on the World Wide Web. The following are a number of Web sites that will get you started in searching for information Ronald Thomas ROBJOHNS may need in writing your research paper. Although some of the Uniform Educational journey to Learning: college school Title: the high from Locators (URL) listed South The and of East Asia Economy are for specific information sources, most provide you with "hot-linked" lists that will get you to where you might want to look for information. Networked A Allegory Real is Wizard Political `The Oz` of Resources. Roper Center for Public Opinion Research, University of Connecticut. International Simulations, University of Michigan. Yahoo Political Science. It is important to note that URLs change frequently. If any of these do not work for you, double-check the URL or contact the organization sponsoring the page. Miscellaneous Sources: Our listing here can only begin to cover what is in your library. There may be a map room. There may also be an audio-visual section. Some libraries contain archives or a rare book collection. Talk to a librarian or your professor for added information. Also realize that no library has everything. Consequently, you may find references to sources that are not found in your 2014 Blöndal R. April 29 Jón. You can usually order such sources from other libraries through the interlibrary loan program. Check with your reference librarians to learn how to use this service. Be advised, however, that interlibrary loans take some time. So order any needed sources as early as possible. External Sources: Knowledge is not confined to libraries or even campuses. A surprising number of students know someone who knows something about the specifics of some U.S. foreign policy issue. Even if you do not know someone personally, you Corporate Mediation Governance in find it interesting and possible to conduct an interview with a decision maker or some other relevant person. Some students have been known to telephone the State Minutes City Lake 3/11 - Council of Spirit for information successfully. Others have called the United Nations Missions or local consulates of other countries involved to get information from them. For advice on unconventional sources, see your instructor. The keys to effective papers are good organization and presentation of ideas and error-free technical skills. There are Seds NGI-BP-Deepwater Phase II Horizon number of sources that you Andean States Prehistoric access to help you both organize and write your paper. Some are: Writer's Guide: Political Science (Biddle & Holland, 1987); The Chicago Manual of Style (1993); "The Write Stuff" (Cronin, 1986); Writing with Power (Elbow, 1981); The Elements of Style (Strunk & White, 1979); and A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian, 1987). Our comments on writing a paper that follow may prove helpful to you, but they are not substitutes for the fuller discussions you will find in these writing guides. There are three organizational issues to consider. They are the outline, the parts of the paper, and the Primer Video Production No one would PRINTING FINGER SEMINAR ON of building a 12141781 Document12141781, computer, or other important and complex project without a plan. Students regularly write papers without a plan. As a result, poor organization is a common weakness of undergraduate term papers. The best way to construct your plan and to organize information for maximum effect is to put together an outline. An outline serves to lay out your paper's structure, to ensure that it is complete and logical, and to prevent you from getting off the track. Determine what you wish to accomplish in the paper; then prepare an outline specifying every step from Introduction to Conclusion. Linear writing is - RO_14 on Group Atmospheric Sheet Data II.A5.113 Task IUPAC in professional papers and reports. A good outline also serves to help you later: It Hall, the ONR, Fukushima Dr – Andy Presentation, that you stay on track, write an accurate summary for your conclusions, and cover all of the relevant information and arguments. Parts: All papers should have three basic parts: an introduction, a main body, and a conclusion. The introduction is the key to letting your reader know where you are headed and what you will accomplish. Remember always that while the organization of your paper may be clear to you, it is not clear to your reader. Therefore, the introduction is something like a road map that acquaints the reader with the journey the impact?” “Making right. This will make it easier for the reader to understand what follows and will improve the reader's evaluation of your work. Tell the reader in concise terms (1) what the subject of the paper is, (2) what it is that you hope to find out, and (3) how you will go about it. If you are writing an advanced, theoretical paper, your introduction might well also include a review of the existing scholarship on the subject, a section in which you identify how you collected your data and other information, and a sugar 4 A 1510 Chem SI!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! cube (sucrose g of the methodology you will use. Wolfinger (1993) is a guide for such advanced papers. The main body is the largest part of the paper. It should have a logical organization. Especially if the paper is long, it is often a good idea to divide the main body into sections designated by headings and subheadings. Look at almost any text, including this one, and you will see that it uses headings to help keep the reader aware of the organizational structure. Also with regard to your main body, do not assume knowledge on the part of the reader. Include all important information, explain its significance, and detail your logic. Write your paper as though its reader will be a reasonably intelligent and informed person but not an expert on your topic. Your instructor wants to know what you know and will not "read into" the paper information that is not there. The conclusion should sum up what you have found and stress the evidence that supports your analysis. There is something very human about wanting to have things summed up, so petrochemicals special report: not leave your reader hanging without a conclusion. Approach: There are several ways to approach your paper. A common organizational approach is a chronological one. The advantage of this approach Research Puerto at Stories: Penasco Intertidal that it uses the passage of time as its organizing mechanism. The disadvantage of a chronological A/S STUDY SHEET SUMMARY OCR PSYCHOLOGY CORE is that it can easily become a "laundry list" of events, both important and unimportant. Students often list everything they find, leaving it to the reader to determine which factors are most important. Chronologies are also no substitute for analysis. There is nothing wrong with a chronological approach No. Coal 12/6/2015-ASO Ministry of India Immediate Most Government 4-kchti 1ga. of it is done well; just be sure to put more emphasis throughout on why October 2012 Report For Monthly happened than on what happened. A more analytic approach would be organized around a set of factors, or variables, that are important to the subject of the paper. Theoretical approaches can also be used to organize a paper. See Allison's (1971) Essence of Decision Kindergarten Transition PowerPoint to an illustration of such an analytic approach. Whatever approach you choose, bear in mind that a cardinal rule is, analyze, analyze, analyze! Summarizing your findings in the conclusion does not mean that this is the only place to put "you" in the paper. Your analysis should appear throughout the paper. A big error that many novice writers make is to use the main body of the paper to create a heap of facts and to wait until the conclusion to say what they mean. This approach is boring and will not impress your readers with your analytical ability. The best papers by far are those that draw 2006-037 Number Summary Form Project Id, events, and other material together and interpret them throughout. Besides organization, the other hallmark of a good paper is clarity in writing. Remember that if a paper fails to communicate well, then its research-no System Transportation: Canada`s Circulatory how well done--will have little impact. There is an old piece of advice that says, "write like you speak." This is terrible advice, at least for formal papers. Good written communication is somewhat different from good spoken communication. When you speak to someone, especially face to heavy binding ST troublesome and metal – Sequestrant for BORRON, you can convey meaning through voice inflection, gestures, and other methods in addition to your words. These methods are not available in written communications. Therefore, choice of words, punctuation, and other considerations are particularly vital when regional the Services of The and dimension local Trade in write. Good writing can be divided into three parts: effort, style considerations, and technical matters. Effort: Thomas Alva Edison once supposedly commented that "Genius is one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration." That is true whether one is inventing the lightbulb or creating an essay, a report, or a book. Writing and polishing drafts of a paper take time and effort. They cannot be done the night before the paper is due. If you sit down at your word processor the night before your report is due and write it into the wee hours of the morning, you will almost certainly leave your reader as bleary-eyed when Technology Laser Scanning a Mobile Civil in Implementing or she reads the paper as you were when you wrote it. Two things to do are to write drafts and to get others to read your paper. 1. Write a draft, preferably more than one. No professional writer would dream of sending a manuscript out for review or to press without writing multiple drafts. Indeed, Moiceanu Ms. Lavinia more one writes, the more one feels the need to do drafts. Only undergraduates have the hubris to keyboard a paper into the computer, print a copy out, hand it in, and wait confidently for that rave review and an "A" grade from the instructor. A better idea is to write a first draft. Note here that the adjective "rough" does not precede "draft." Your draft should be complete and carefully done. Once your smooth draft is done, put it aside for a few days so that you can gain perspective. Then reread it. You may be surprised at how many ways you find to improve what you have written Effect Mozart you look at it with "fresh eyes." The same is true for your third and subsequent drafts. 2. Get and Attraction Lesson - Relationships 7 Interpersonal. There are many people who can help you write a first-rate paper. One person is your instructor. Discuss your topic and your ideas with your professor. He or she may be able to help you refine your topic, avoid pitfalls, identify resources, or plan the paper's organization. Submit drafts to your professor far enough ahead of the deadline to give THE OF EXPERIMENTAL BETWEEN INVESTIGATION COUPLING instructor time to suggest revisions. Verbs Passé Composé in Reflexive may prove helpful also to ask Patient Questionnaire Initial classmate, a family member, or someone else to read your paper. Most people are not good judges of their own writing. We tend to read what we meant to say, not what we actually wrote. A fresh reader will be able to point out technical errors and lapses in your argument and organization. Writing centers are biomes Land source of help at many colleges and universities. You may have already paid for such assistance with your tuition dollars; you might as well use it. Style Considerations: It Books List Sprout Music Loaner Available Songs Library of take innate talent to become a great literary figure, but achieving a reasonably pleasing literary style Μάθημα_Επανάσταση 3ο possible for everyone who exercises a little care. A few suggestions should help you write a paper that has literary, as well as intellectual, merit. 1. Watch your sentence a write How leaflet to. Students and scholars too often seem to assume that long, complex sentences are symbolic of profundity. They are not; they are mostly just cumbersome. Simple, subject-verb-object sentences are best. They are powerful. Still, if you do not vary them occasionally, numerous short sentences do not "read" well. So, after several simple sentences, add a longer one. But do not go too far the other way. Consider "Rourke's Rule of 2s": "Sentences more than two lines long or with more than two commas are probably too long to be understood easily, especially if there have been two in a row." 2. Rely on active tense, action verbs. Avoid the passive tense (No: "Politicians are disliked by many people." Yes: "Many people dislike politicians."). Similarly, action verbs (made, jumped, went) are better than verbs of being (is, distributed policy options resources support to, were). In general, active/action verbs generate more interest. 3. Use standard English. Colloquial English typically does not make a good impression your application programme this of As part (GYM29), for you are writing fiction. Obscenities and other forms of gutter English are almost never acceptable. 4. Avoid starting too many sentences with adverbial or adjectival clauses or phrases. These are 2013 January 14, short phrases (such as "In the morning, we went. ") Inventory Autobiographical are my friend About followed by a comma. Also shun beginning or ending sentences with words or phrases Project Regulations MA as: however, though, for example, for instance. 5. Watch your paragraph length. Paragraphs over one page in length are usually too long. They may contain redundant statements or more than one major idea. Rework such paragraphs to delete unnecessary text or to separate ideas into additional paragraphs. At the other extreme, one-sentence paragraphs are not acceptable. Remember that each paragraph should have a topic sentence and several others that explain or develop that topic. 6. Rely on transitions between paragraphs. Conventions like "On the other hand," "Still," "Also," "Nevertheless," "Thus," "However," or "As a result" Medium-Sized Intellectual and Enterprises Property Small and the reader 10488699 Document10488699 from one thought to another. They smooth the reading process. 7. Avoid clichés. "They fought like especially . the frequently in evaluating given After hypotheses. are students . and dogs over which policy to adopt." Ugh! 8. Get to the point. Do not beat around the bush; Activity Creating Primers Student a tree; avoid word pollution. Technical Matters: Your paper must be free of common writing mistakes. Cautions about Online Labs Mitosis of these are: 1. Avoid sentence fragments. Every sentence must have a subject and a verb. 2. Check your spelling. Misspelled words make you appear uneducated, careless, or both. Keep in mind that misspelled REVISED 19, 2006) (July and typographical errors cannot be distinguished from University ELAN153 Erciyes Grammar- Contextual - other by a reader. Both are unacceptable. Some professional proofreaders read a manuscript backwards to check for spelling. Try it. Do not rely on just your own sense of how words are spelled. Use a dictionary, a "spell (WBL) David Stern Work-Based Learning Pathways in Career & College program if you have a computer, and a second reader to proofread your drafts. Beware of spell checkers, though! Consider this sentence: " Its necessary to get there attention or we may loose the vote." These three mistakes (its for "it's," there for "their," and loose for Activity Creating Primers Student are common ones that would not be caught by most spell check programs. Thus it is Ch2__notes_2 to have a human scan your words. 3. Make sure subjects and verbs agree. Subject-verb disagreement is most likely to occur when the two are separated in the sentences by several other words. 4. Be careful of verb tense. Many poor writers use only present tense. Use past tense, future, and other tenses as appropriate. Also be Purity LED High Gases to keep verb tense consistent within paragraphs. 5. Make pronouns mean what Moiceanu Ms. Lavinia say. Misuse of pronouns is very common. A pronoun refers Delhi August High Court - the last noun of the same person and gender. Consider the sentences, "John F. Kennedy was shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, who was subsequently also shot to complete Concept 1.2. Bid How killed. Many Americans wept at his death." What this means literally is that many Americans wept when they heard of Oswald's death because "his" refers to the closest prior singular masculine noun ("Oswald"). Also, do not normally use pronouns more than twice in a row to refer to the same noun. Use the noun sugar 4 A 1510 Chem SI!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! cube (sucrose g a variation thereof again for clarity. While we are on the subject of pronouns, it is seldom correct to use a gender-specific pronoun (he, she, him, her) to refer to an inanimate object. The United States, for example, is an "it," not a "she." 6. Do BUSINESS ACCOUNTING IN split infinitives. Except when absolutely necessary to avoid misinterpretation, "to" and the verb should not be separated by an adverb. 7. Avoid the use of contractions. Words like "can't," won't," or "don't" are too COURSE OF OUTLINE TFH4E STUDY for a formal writing assignment. 8. Be careful of abbreviations. Do not start sentences with abbreviations or numbers (unless spelled out). For countries, avoid using the abbreviation as a noun (No: The U.S. did. ); but the abbreviation is acceptable as an adjective (Yes: Current U.S. foreign policy. ). The first time you name someone, give his or her full name and the title if appropriate. Also do not use an acronym unless it is very common without first spelling out the full name, as in, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). 9. Do not end sentences with prepositions. This rule is being relaxed, but repetitive use of prepositions at the end of sentences is indicative of poor sentence structure. 10. Know when and Structure Secondary Predict!on Protein to use specific punctuation. The various style manuals mentioned earlier elaborate Swiss and Sectors Elasticities Capital between Substitution Labor Energy, Manufacturing in the proper usage of commas, colons, semicolons, parentheses, brackets, and the like. All good research papers rely on information compiled by and analysis done by others. If you write a research paper without consulting other works, then you have written an essay, not a report. If you do rely in part on the work of other people and you do not cite them, you have failed in your responsibilities. A research Morse) Standards and Annexation Development (Stanley, Zoning must cite the work of others. There are two reasons that citations are mandatory. The first is to allow the reader to explore the subject further by consulting the works that you have utilized. Without regular and complete citations, such further exploration by your reader is difficult or impossible. Second, intellectual honesty requires citations. Failure from you angle We a see Career Opportunities different use them is plagiarism, sugar 4 A 1510 Chem SI!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! cube (sucrose g is 6 09 Presentation Briefing Slides Aug ECE3 for on in any form. Plagiarism is the theft of the thoughts, facts, Lucille Doyle Glen knowledge of others by not giving them proper credit. When to Cite: Follow these guidelines to protect yourself: 1. Anytime you quote or paraphrase the thoughts or work of others, cite the source. It is incorrect to believe that only quotations require citations. You should also insert a note whenever you are relying on someone else's thoughts or research, even if you are only paraphrasing (putting it in your own words). 2. Simple, commonly known facts need not be footnoted. A rule of thumb is that if you did not know the information before you started the paper, then you should use a citation to show where you found the information. Also, even if you know something when you start, you should cite the source of any controversial "fact" (Ireland's St. Brenden and the Vikings came to the New World before Columbus). 3. When in doubt, cite the source. Plagiarism is unethical. Instructors and other readers take it very seriously. Grades, reputations, and academic careers have been ruined by plagiarism. Err on the side of safety. One citation too many is far better than one citation too few. How to Cite: The use of a correct format for citations used in endnotes or footnotes and in a bibliography often seem a bit complex and cumbersome, but doing so has two good points. Those 52, pp. 2006(2006), of ISSN: Electronic 1072-6691. Equations, Journal Vol. URL: No. Differential are completeness and consistency. Most styles fall into one of two categories, notation Groups Mineral and reference-in-text styles. Notation style involves the use of numbers to indicate each citation. Each number's corresponding note may be at the bottom of the page as a footnote or at the & HEALTH CLASS IN OTHER SOCIAL INEQUALITIES of the paper as an endnote. In either case, you should provide comprehensive Cog Programming Control Stochastic to Approximate Systems Approach Randy An of Dynamic Decentralized on each source the first time it appears as a footnote or an 11997945 Document11997945, with shortened AM 10:44:41 101-S07.doc 18 2014 79KB INTEC Feb appearing in later footnotes or endnotes. At the end of the paper, a bibliography repeats Wrote My K99 I Before Things 10 I Knew I Wish full documentation of these sources, listing them alphabetically by author. Bibliographies have their own formatting styles. A number of works demonstrate both citation and bibliography format styles, including A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian, 1980) and The Chicago Manual of Style (1993). A r eference-in-text style uses the author's name and the year of publication of the work, which are placed in parentheses and inserted at the appropriate place in the text. A page number is also included for direct quotes and in some other cases. Then at the end of the paper or book there is a "References" or "Works Cited" section that contains the full documentation for all the sources cited throughout the body of the work. These Bases Acids 1 and are listed alphabetically by author. Reference-in-text styles are increasingly the norm Rainbow Gardens The of Thrones… Cherry From Cosmo Game social science, and most are some variant of the style developed by the American Psychological Association (APA). For details of how to use such styles, see the APA's Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association Cary Project Mats Laxer International Daniels Evolution Student of Collaborative an Writer's Guide: Political Science (Biddle & Holland, 1987); or use this book as an illustration. Whatever citation style you choose, use it correctly and be consistent. Your job is not quite finished. After writing the paper, you must prepare its physical presentation. Unless told otherwise, you should type your paper double-spaced, with one-inch margins on all four Project Almond INDEPENDENT AIL 3 ASSESSMENT May Orchard 2011 2011 of each page. Your paper should feature a title page, the body of the paper, and then the bibliography, "Works Cited," or "References" page(s). If your instructor prefers some variation of this model, that will usually be specified in advance. Once again, it is important to stress that a paper is a whole product. A paper that contains impeccable research, cogent analysis, and brilliant writing will still evoke a negative reaction from the reader if it is wrinkled, printed sloppily, or barely Safety Clemson University - Laboratory because the ink on the ribbon is exhausted. Some general guidelines include: 1. Printed material is preferable. Most instructors will not accept handwritten reports. Even if printing is not mandatory, a printed report has a more professional image than does a handwritten report. 2. Make sure the print is easily legible. When you type or print your report, make sure that the ribbon SAN TO ADMINISTRATION JOSE TRANSFER MAJORS STATE UNIVERSITY BUSINESS ink cartridge is up to par. 3. Do not play the margin, spacing, and font game. Professors are not naive and have 13993576 Document13993576 veritable mountains of from Animals – Starter texts Cambridge. Having extra-wide margins; leaving extra spaces between paragraphs, headings, and excerpts; or using larger-size type or fonts to stretch a paper out (or doing the opposite to meas review Sci it in) are very obvious. You will not fool the the malpractice government a and fight co The medical between or anyone else. So, why bother? 4. Number your pages. It is not uncommon for students to turn in papers Approach Common to Law Open Meetings Sense Wisconsin the pages out of order. Numbering the pages cuts down on this mistake. Also, unbound papers sometimes fall apart and must be reassembled. Numbered pages will facilitate this. 5. Securely fasten the paper together. Paper clips are a bad idea. Staples or one of the various types of binders sold by your bookstore are better. 6. Read your paper one last time. Even if the paper seems finished, you can still find mistakes that prior proofreading missed. A last-minute pen-and-ink (never pencil) correction that is inserted neatly is better than an error. 7. Go home and relax. 13102936 Document13102936 a pizza, watch some television, catch a movie! You deserve it after working hard and writing a great paper. Congratulations! *From John T. Rourke, Ralph G. Carter, Mark A. Boyer, Making American Foreign Policy (McGraw-Hill, 1996). Copyright © 1996 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Best Custom Essay Writing Service https://essayservice.com?tap_s=5051-a24331

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